top of page
  • Writer's pictureCaryl Wolff

Urban Coyote Behavior

Updated: Jun 8



URBAN COYOTE BEHAVIOR


Urban coyote population in Los Angeles is exploding. Their natural predators are wolves, bears, cougars, and alligators. None of those are generally found in urban areas. Read on to see how you can keep your children and your pets safe.


We seem to have a lot of coyote sightings lately, and there are several reasons.

  • There is the loss of their natural habitat because of increased building in the city where their dens were located, so we see them more in our neighborhoods simply because theier territory has shrunk and they are out more looking for food.

  • There is an increase in garbage which they use as a food source or which rodents use as a food source, and rodents are coyotes’ primary food.

  • Our cell phones make it easy for us to upload photos to social media.

  • When coyotes are raising their pups in the spring and summer, they need to find more food, so they may be more active during the day and therefore we will see them more often.


I learned a lot about urban coyotes in researching and writing these articles. What I thought I knew, I discovered was wrong. I learned about Urban Coyote Behavior and am now more aware of what to look for.


Coyotes are territorial and their territory is based on how much food is available. If a coyote is removed from its territory (either by animal control or death), then multiple coyotes will try to claim that now-vacant territory, mate, and ultimately increase both the number of coyotes and the size of their litters. Therefore, it’s up to us to make sure that there are few food resources in their territory so they will have to increase the size of their territory and spend less time in our neighborhood.


In other words, if there is an abundant food source, their territory is smaller, they will stay in that area, and sightings will be more frequent. If the food source is scarce, they will have to expand their territory to find more food and we will see them less frequently.


In a nutshell, take away the food, coyote sightings will be less frequent. Hopefully. THAT DOESN'T MEAN THEY HAVE LEFT THE AREA.



DEN LOCATIONS

Knowing where urban coyote dens are located is important because if a coyote is aggressive (stands still or approaches you with teeth bared), it’s likely because there is a den nearby, especially one with pups. They protect dens and their territory.


Their dens are located in and around

  • Abandoned buildings, warehouse, houses, sheds

  • Alongside freeways, highways, parking lots, horse trails, golf courses, railroad lines, stadiums, and soccer fields

  • Anyplace where there is sandy soil

  • Aqueducts

  • Burrows of other animals

  • Crawl spaces in houses

  • Drainage pipes

  • Fire roads

  • Flood channels

  • Hillsides

  • Nurseries

  • Old buildings

  • Old storm drains

  • Other animals’ dens

  • Parks

  • Sides of ravines or (such as on both sides of Barrington Avenue north of San Vicente Boulevard in West Los Angeles)

  • Soccer fields

  • Under bushes and trees which give them protective cover

  • Undeveloped or vacant lots

  • Under building foundations, especially in older buildings

  • Under sheds

  • Vacant lots, especially ones with vegetation where they can hide

  • Wooded patches and shrubbery in open areas such as golf courses and parks because they can hide

Even if you don’t see them, you may see their poop or scat, which is different than dogs’. We complain about people not picking up poop in the sidewalk. Well, it may be theirs, which is stringy or rope-like and contains hair and bones. You may also see animal or bird carcasses that are not fully consumed. Or you may hear their yips or howls.


FOOD SOURCES


DO NOT EVER FEED COYOTES. First, it is against the law. More importantly, coyotes naturally fear humans and will lose this fear if they are fed. If they lose their fear, they will become more aggressive because they will come up to ANY human – not just the person who fed them – and demand food.


Urban coyotes are adaptable and opportunistic eaters. Rodents, i.e., rats and mice, are the main food source for urban coyotes. (Interestingly, if a coyote is removed from an area, the rodent population increases in that area. If rodents have decreased in your area, thank a coyote.) If they can’t eat rodents, they will eat

  • Fruit and vegetables

  • Garbage

  • Pet food left outside

  • Pets and children – yes, they will go after small children if there is no adult around. Scary.

Take away their food source, and their territory will increase. They likely won't go away completely, but you will see less of them in your area.


LINKS TO ALL BLOG POSTS IN THIS SERIES ON URBAN COYOTES


MY BOOKS AND TRAINING


If you like these posts on urban coyotes, please check out my other posts and books which are specifically on dogs and puppies. I have been a dog trainer/behavior consultant for 30 years, was the first trainer to be certified by 5 dog training organizations, and am an award-winning author of 10 books. I offer in-person private training in the Los Angeles area and Zoom training in the Los Angeles area as well as worldwide.


Puppy Potty Training – The Expert’s Guide to Easy Housetraining FAST2015 Gold Global eBook Award Winner

​Kindle https://amzn.to/3kepg5D Paperback https://amzn.to/3qdMBbt

Doggie Dangers and Safety Tips – Preventing Accidents In and Around Your Home and Yard

Kindle https://amzn.to/3qh8xm6 Paperback https://amzn.to/3GXFb1P


Puppy Socialization – An Insider’s Guide to Dog Behavioral Fitness

Kindle https://amzn.to/3bSAR5P Paperback https://amzn.to/3GWe6MJ


​​​Puppy and Dog Potty Training

Kindle https://amzn.to/3bNhN8P

Paperback https://amzn.to/3BRVwS8


​​Teacup Puppies & Dogs – Choosing a Breeder & Choosing a Dog

Kindle https://amzn.to/3ETdR2T


Teacup Puppies & Dogs – Supplies, Pre-Puppy Prep & First Week Home

Kindle https://amzn.to/3BTzcHI


Teacup Puppies & Dogs – Feeding, Care, Safety, Health & Grooming

Kindle https://amzn.to/3bRRRJw


Teacup Puppies & Dogs – Obedience Training, Games & Play

Kindle https://amzn.to/3wo1CZf


Teacup Puppies & Dogs – Potty Training & Behavior Issues

Kindle https://amzn.to/3ETfbTp


bottom of page